A proclamation of Territorial Governor Lewis Cass organized Oakland County and designated Pontiac as the county seat on May 28, 1820, although the boundaries had been established on January 12, 1819. At that time this area was wilderness, with the Indian trail from Detroit to Saginaw the main artery of settlement. Farming was the chief occupation of early times, and by mid-century the county led the state in agricultural production. The numerous lakes were a major attraction to settlers and vacationers, and today Oakland County has many public parks which serve urbanized southeastern Michigan. Once the home of the Michigan Military Academy, the county now has a number of outstanding educational facilities. Automobile manufacture has long been important here and remains the major industry.