In 1834-35 Isaac E. Crary (1804-1854) and John D. Pierce (1793-1882) planned Michigan's public school system which influenced educational policy throughout America. Their most important contribution was the establishment of a separate department of education run by a superintendent -- an innovative effort to introduce uniform schooling in Michigan. Crary and Pierce specified that certain land revenues go to the state, not the townships, for education. They also designated Michigan's general college fund for the financially ailing University of Michigan
. Later, in 1862, Congress adopted this state's method of using land revenues for schools, a plan which benefited Michigan Agricultural College
in East Lansing. Using ideas from Prussian educators and New England schools, Michigan's school system aided the growth of this frontiers area.